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Secondary Timeline

The Pre-World War II Years
1877 Manzo Nagano thumbnail image - click for larger picture Manzo Nagano, first Japanese individual known to land and settle in Canada. Abandoned ship in New Westminster and subsequently ran a gift shop, Japanese food store and hotel in Victoria, BC.
1887 Fishermen with nets thumbnail image - click for larger photo Kuno Gihei visits Canada and returns to Wakayama-ken to recruit fellow villagers to settle in the village of Steveston. Steveston becomes the second largest Japanese-Canadian settlement before WWII.
1890s Store on Powell Street thumbnail image - click for larger photo Issei, Japanese immigrants, establish stores, boarding houses and other businesses along the streets adjacent to Hastings Mill, especially along Powell Street. This neighbourhood becomes the major settlement of Japanese Canadians until WWII.
1895   Government of British Columbia denies franchise to citizens of Asian descent.
1902   Tomekichi Homma, a naturalized Canadian citizen, applies to be included on the voters' list. After refusal by the Collector of Voters, a BC judge declares ultra vires a clause barring Asians from voting but this decision is overturned by the Privy Council of Britain. Loses the fight for the franchise and cannot vote, hold public office or become lawyers, pharmacists, architects, chartered accountants or teachers.
1904   Japanese Canadian farmers begin to settle in the Fraser Valley and establish themselves as successful berry farmers.
1905   The first Buddhist temple in Canada opens at the Ishikawa Hotel on Powell Street, Vancouver.
1906   The first Japanese language school is established in Vancouver by the Japanese Consulate.
1907 Store windows smashed thumbnail image - click for larger photo Anti-Asian riot in Vancouver.
1908   The Hayashi-Lemieux “Gentlemen's Agreement” further restrict Japanese immigration to 400 male immigrants and domestic servants per year, plus returning immigrants and their immediate family. “Picture bride” system of marriage becomes widespread. In 1928, the limit is reduced further to150 per year.
1914   Outbreak of World War I.
1916   After being rejected in BC, approximately 200 issei volunteers travel to Alberta to join battalions of the Canadian expeditionary force and are shipped to Europe. In 1917, surviving veterans are promised the right to vote.
1919   BC reduces the number of fishing licenses to “other than white residents”. Over the next five years, licenses to Japanese continue to be reduced.
1920   Japanese-Canadian mill-workers form the first Japanese-Canadian union.
1921   Asiatic Exclusion League is formed.
1924 & 1928   Amendment to the “Gentlemen's Agreement”. Japanese immigrants not to exceed 150 per year.
1927   Gains affiliation with the Trades and Labour Congress of Canada. First agricultural producers' cooperative, the Maple Ridge Berry Growers Co-operative Exchange is organized by YasutaroYamaga.
1929   Jun Kisawa, an Issei fisher, wins a court battle to overturn restrictions against Japanese Canadians using motorized fishing boats.
1931   Remaining WWI veterans finally receive the right to vote and become the only Japanese Canadians to be enfranchised.
1936 delegation in Ottawa thumbnail image - click for larger photo Japanese Canadian Citizens League is formed and sends a delegation to Ottawa to petition for the franchise. The petition is unsuccessful.
1938   The New Canadian is established as the first English-language Japanese Canadian newspaper. It becomes the only Japanese Canadian newspaper allowed to publish during the years of uprooting.
1938-1940   RCMP kept surveillance on the Japanese community. However, they recorded no subversive activity.
1939   Canada declares war with Germany.

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